Книги по психологии

SET AS THE UNCONSCIOUS BASIS OF MENTAL REFLECTION
Б - БЕССОЗНАТЕЛЬНОЕ ПРИРОДА. ФУНКЦИИ МЕТОДЫ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ

A. S. PRANGISHVILI

The D - N. Uznadze Institute of Psychology, Tbilisi SUMMARY

Materialistic psychology must start its research with the study of the subject*of activity. The statement of the problem of the integral subject of activity raises the question of the way of the mental organization of the indi­vidual. Set as an integral structure with permanent characteristics serves as


The overall constitutive factor of the individual’s mental organization. Be­ing a systems specificity 6f the individual, set emerges as a factor of non-en - tropic order. The individual is a subject of activity inasmuch as he/she be­comes organized not at the very moment of activity but is prepared for it in’ advance. At the same time, set—as a system of mental organization—is not available to the subject immediately as a fact of conscious experiences. In each discrete instance of the individual’s activity his set undergoes a defin­ite modification that does not assume forms characteristic of the content of consciousness. However, set is continuously adjusted on the basis of the feed­back information arriving as the result of the activity of consciousness oc­curring on the plane of objectification. This is how the synergy of the uncon­scious and conscious forms of mental reflection are visualized in the light of the theory of set. The nature of mental reflection should certainly not be identified with the conscious process of cognition.

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